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  • Ibiza and Formentera are known as Pitiusas Islands, referring to the large number of pine trees found in them (Pytis in Greek means pine).
  • More about Ibiza

The Ibizan country house, characterised by its pure geometric shapes and its robust, solid construction integrated into the landscape, is designed to be functional, adapting itself to the climate conditions of the island. Its thick walls, which are whitewashed to reflect the sun, and small windows insulate the house from the cold in winter and the heat in summer.

The cubic units of the house would increase with the number of inhabitants, around a central unit called the porxo, which served as a hall and dining room on high days and holidays and from which the bedrooms, store rooms and kitchen were reached. The shortage of water led to the construction of roofs that collect rainwater and channel it to tanks to be used for consumption. In the Ethnological Museum of Santa Eulària you can visit a country house converted into a museum, which reproduces everyday life in the past.

Another typical feature of Ibizan architecture is the watchtowers. Constant attacks from pirates and Berbers in the past caused the inhabitants of Ibiza to construct this defence system that went around the entire perimeter of the island. The 14 watchtowers allowed the maritime horizon to be controlled from every side. When a dangerous looking vessel was spotted, the general population was warned from these watchtowers by means of smoke signals (during the daytime) or fires (during the night). The inhabitants then took refuge in towers attached to their homes, or in the forest or, more habitually, in the fortified churches.


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