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  • Ibiza and Formentera are known as Pitiusas Islands, referring to the large number of pine trees found in them (Pytis in Greek means pine).
  • More about Ibiza

In 1999, UNESCO recognised the assets of Ibiza as World Heritage. Authenticity, technical perfection, exceptional nature and excellent state of preservation were the values that were recognised to reach this consideration. The Neptune Grass meadows (Posidonia oceanica), the settlement in Sa Caleta, the Puig des Molins necropolis and the walled site of Dalt Vila are the places that have been highlighted as unique assets on our planet.

Dalt Vila is considered to be a perfect example of a fortified citadel. Its Renaissance city walls, built in the 16th century, consist of seven polygonal bastions and, according to UNESCO, constitute a unique testimony within the military construction model that was later exported to the New World.

Traditional handicraft markets and characters from the mediaeval period invade the streets of Dalt Vila in the second weekend of May, when it celebrates the anniversary of the declaration of the city as World Heritage. Hundreds of people stroll through the streets in a route of more than one kilometre which combines thematic areas with activities typical of the Middle Ages.

The Phoenician village of Sa Caleta, founded in the 8th century BC, was the first human settlement on the island, and is the most important exponent of the beginnings of the Phoenician colonisation of Ibiza. This area was an excellent stop-off for the routes that worked the Mediterranean.

Es Puig des Molins necropolis was the cemetery for Ibiza ever since the city was founded by the Phoenicians at the end of the 7th century BC and continued to be used in the Roman period from the 1st to the 5th centuries A.D. and also later, during the 6th and 7th centuries A.D. It is the largest, best preserved necropolis pertaining to Phoenician Punic culture with more than 3,000 Punic tombs. Ceramics, terracotta sculptures, scarabs, ostrich eggs, in addition to other personal items, are part of the extensive list of objects found in this important archaeological site.

Neptune Grass (Posidonia oceanica) only grows in the Mediterranean, and these underwater meadows in Ibiza and Formentera are of great biological wealth thanks to their perfect state of preservation. It is considered that in the Balearic and Pine Islands there are some 750 kmĀ² of meadows of Neptune grass growing on the sandy seabed and exceptionally on rocky seabed which provide large quantities of oxygen and organic matter. Neptune grass has a yearly growth cycle and the dead leaves are deposited on the beaches protecting them from the erosion caused by the waves.

 


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